ILO Guihealth and safety organizationdelines for Health and Safety Management Systems

d the investigation of workrelated injuries, diseases, ill health and incidents, and the results and recommendations of audits;

.. Occupational safety and health objectives

a the persons responsible for the relevant elements of the OSH management system so that they may take appropriate action; and

Ms. Johanna Boixader, Administrative Coordinator, SafeWork InFocus Programme on Safety and Health at Work and the Environment.

c the significant OSH hazards/risks arising from theorganizationsactivities, and the arrangements for their prevention and control; and

c records arising from national laws or regulations dealing with OSH;

IncidentAn unsafe occurrence arising out of or in the course of work where no personal injury is caused.

… The audit includes an evaluation of theorganizationsOSH management system elements or a subset of these, as appropriate. The audit should cover

j emergency prevention, preparedness and response;

b periodic reporting to the senior management on the performance of the OSH management system; and

c promoting the participation of all members of theorganization.

f evaluate the effectiveness of the national policy and framework at appropriate intervals;

Childhood Lead Hazard Pioneer Researcher Herbert Needleman, MD

OSH management systemA set of interrelated or interacting elements to eslish OSH policy and objectives, and to achieve those objectives.

d include participants evaluation of their comprehension and retention of the training;

e provide the feedback direction, including the determination of priorities, for meaningful planning and continual improvement;

Competent personA person with suile training, and sufficient knowledge, experience and skill, for the performance of the specific work.

Ms. F. Murie, Director of Occupational Health and Safety, International Federation of Building and Woodworkers IFBWW, Carouge Switzerland.

c minimize the hazard/risk by the design of safe work systems, which include administrative control measures; and

g eslish effective arrangements to identify and eliminate or control workrelated hazards and risks, and promote health at work;

Recording and notification of occupational accidents and diseasesGeneva, .

Workers health surveillanceA generic term which covers procedures and investigations to assess workers health in order to detect and identify any abnormality. The results of surveillance should be used to protect and promote the health of the inidual, collective health at the workplace, and the health of the exposed working population. Health assessment procedures may include, but are not limited to, medical examinations, biological monitoring, radiological examinations, questionnaires or a review of health records.

s any other audit criteria or elements that may be appropriate.

… The purpose of planning should be to create an OSH management system that supports

d implement continual improvement while avoiding unnecessary bureaucracy, administration and costs;

List of participants and observers at the Meeting of Experts on ILO Guidelines on Occupational Safety and Health Management Systems, Geneva, April

e documented, and communicated to all relevant functions and levels of theorganization; and

c determine whether planned or existing controls are adequate to eliminate hazards or control risks; and

d workers rehabilitation and healthrestoration programmes.

… The frequency and scope of periodic reviews of the OSH management system by the employer or the most senior accounle person should be defined according to theorganizationsneeds and conditions.

Ms. A. Biondi, Assistant Director, ICFTU Geneva

c the results of performance monitoring and measurements;

ILO Guidelines for Health and Safety Management Systems

c the basis for decisions about improvement in hazard identification and risk control, and the OSH management system.

b the safety and health committee, workers and their representatives.

Continual improvementIterative process of enhancing the OSH management system to achieve improvements in overall OSH performance.

At the organizational level, theGuidelinesencourage the integration of OSH management system elements as an important component of overall policy and management arrangements. Organizations. employers, owners, managerial staff. workers and their representatives are motivated in applying appropriate OSH management principles and methods to improve OSH performance.

… Reports produced by external investigative agencies, such as inspectorates and social insurance institutions, should be acted upon in the same manner as internal investigations, taking into account issues of confidentiality.

Workrelated injuries, ill health and diseasesNegative impacts on health arising from exposure to chemical, biological, physical, workorganizational and psychosocial ctors at work.

a provide guidance regarding the integration of OSH management system elements in theorganizationas a component of policy and management arrangements; and

… With a view to ensuring the coherence of the national policy and of arrangements for its implementation, the competent institution should eslish a national framework for OSH management systems to

a their large, medium and small and infrastructure; and

d continually improving the performance of the OSH management system.

Ms. B. Perkins, Assistant to the Secretary General

b the results of hazard and risk identifications and assessments;

… The corrective action resulting from such investigations should be implemented in order to avoid repetition of workrelated injuries, ill health, diseases and incidents.

…. Emergency prevention, preparedness and response arrangements should be eslished in cooperation with external emergency services and other bodies where applicable.

The positive impact of introducing occupational safety and health OSH management systems at theorganizationlevel, both on the reduction of hazards and risks and on productivity, is now recognized by governments, employers and workers.

Mr. L. Powell, Director of Occupational Health and Safety

Accident prevention on board ship at sea and in portGeneva, nd edition, .

a compliance with safety and health requirements for theorganizationis identified, evaluated and incorporated into purchasing and leasing specifications;

a include OSH criteria in procedures for evaluating and selecting contractors;

…. Arrangements should be eslished and maintained for ensuring that theorganizationssafety and health requirements, or at least the equivalent, are applied to contractors and their workers.

Today, technological progress and intense competitive pressures bring rapid change in working conditions, work processes and organization. Legislation is essential but insufficient on its own to address these changes or to keep pace with new hazards and risks. Organizations must also be able to tackle occupational safety and health challenges continuously and to build effective responses into dynamic management strategies. TheseGuidelines on occupational safety and health management systemswill support this effort.

f periodically evaluated and if necessary updated.

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development UNCEDAgenda Chapter on environmentally sound management of chemicals. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, .

Safety and health committeeA committee with representation of workers safety and health representatives and employers representatives eslished and functioning atorganizationlevel according to national laws, regulations and practice.

d ensure that guidance is available to employers, workers and their representatives to take advantage of the national policy.

For further information on ILOOSH , please contact

Mr. T. Jepsen, Danish Employers Confederation, Copenhagen Denmark.

d provide relevant workplace safety and health hazard awareness and training to contractors or their workers prior to commencing work and as work progresses, as necessary;

c provide a baseline from which continual improvement of theorganizationsOSH management system can be measured.

… Arrangements should be made for adequate and appropriate OSH planning, based on the results of the initial review, subsequent reviews or other available data. These planning arrangements should contribute to the protection of safety and health at work, and should include

c respond to the results of OSH performance evaluation and previous audits;

a records arising from the implementation of the OSH management system;

TheInternational Labour Organizationwas founded in to promote social justice and, thereby, to contribute to universal and lasting peace. Its tripartite structure is unique among agencies affiliated to the United Nations; the ILOs Governing Body includes representatives of government and of employers and workers organizations. These three constituencies are active participants in regional and other meetings sponsored by the ILO, as well as in the International Labour Conference a world forum which meets annually to discuss social and labour questions.

…. The implementation of a decision to change should ensure that all affected members of theorganizationare properly informed and trained.

Mr. T. Mellish, Trades Union Congress, London United Kingdom.

… Arrangements should be eslished and maintained for the continual improvement of the relevant elements of the OSH management system and the system as a whole. These arrangements should take into account

Competent institutionA government department or other body with the responsibility to eslish a national policy and develop a national framework for OSH management systems inorganizations, and to provide relevant guidance.

Occupational safety and health, including compliance with the OSH requirements pursuant to national laws and regulations, are the responsibility and duty of the employer. The employer should show strong leadership and commitment to OSH activities in theorganization, and make appropriate arrangements for the eslishment of an OSH management system. The system should contain the main elements of policy, organizing, planning and implementation, evaluation and action for improvement, as shown in figure .

Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety, edited by Jeanne Mager Stellman. Geneva, th edition, ; volume print version and CDROM.

c promote the participation of workers and their representatives atorganizationlevel;

… Active monitoring should contain the elements necessary to have a proactive system and should include

Workers representativeIn accordance with the Workers Representatives Convention, No. , any person who is recognized as such by national law or practice, whether they are

Workers and their representativesWhere reference is made in these guidelines to workers and their representatives, the intention is that, where representatives exist, they should be consulted as the means to achieving appropriate worker participation. In some instances it may be appropriate to involve all workers and all representatives.

… Worker participation is an essential element of the OSH management system in theorganization.

RiskA combination of the likelihood of an occurrence of a hazardous event and the severity of injury or damage to the health of people caused by this event.

Dr. S. Böhm, Head, Occupational Health and Safety Department, Management Systems and Auditing, Bayer AG, Leverkusen Germany.

… Under the arrangements referred to in paragraph .., training programmes should

a identifying and analysing the root causes of any nonconformities with relevant OSH regulations and/or OSH management systems arrangements; and

.. Occupational safety and health management system documentation

b elected representatives, namely, representatives who are freely elected by the workers of the[organization]in accordance with provisions of national laws or regulations or of collective agreements and whose functions do not include activities which are recognized as the exclusive prerogative of trade unions in the country concerned.

Mr. P. GoguetChapuis, Technical Adviser in Health, Safety and Working Conditions HSWC and responsible for trade union training in HSWC, Trade Union Training Institute of the French Confederation of Christian Workers CFTC, Paris France.

a a clear definition, priority setting and quantification, where appropriate, of theorganizationsOSH objectives;

… The management review should consider

c the selection of measurement criteria for confirming that the objectives are achieved; and

Working Environment Air Pollution, Noise and Vibration,

c ensuring that the concerns, ideas and inputs of workers and their representatives on OSH matters are received, considered and responded to.

Ms. R. Rigotto, Professor, Federal University of Cear UFC, Fortaleza, Cear Brazil.

Hazard assessmentA systematic evaluation of hazards.

… The audit conclusion should determine whether the implemented OSH management system elements or a subset of these

b initiating, planning, implementing, checking the effectiveness of and documenting corrective and preventive action, including changes to the OSH management system itself.

… The employer should make arrangements for workers and their safety and health representatives to have the time and resources to participate actively in the processes of organizing, planning and implementation, evaluation and action for improvement of the OSH management system.

The ILO provides expert advice and technical assistance to member States through a network of offices and multidisciplinary teams in over countries. This assistance takes the form of labour rights and industrial relations counselling, employment promotion, training in small business development, project management, advice on social security, workplace safety and working conditions, the compiling and dissemination of labour statistics, and workers education.

… The employer, in consultation with workers and their representatives, should set out in writing an OSH policy, which should be

Mr. P. Baichoo, Technical Specialist, Occupational Safety Cluster, SafeWork InFocus Programme on Safety and Health at Work and the Environment.

k ensure effective arrangements for the full participation of workers and their representatives in safety and health committees, where they exist.

Experts appointed after consultation with the Employers group

d records of workers exposures, surveillance of the working environment and workers health; and

… The results of investigations, in addition to any recommendations from the safety and health committee, should be communicated to appropriate persons for corrective action, included in the management review and considered for continual improvement activities.

Dr. N. Byrom, ILO Consultant, H. M. Principal Inspector, Health and Safety Executive, Bootle, United Kingdom.

b are effective in promoting full worker participation;

WorksitePhysical area where workers need to be or to go due to their work which is under the control of an employer.

d analyse the data provided from workers health surveillance.

Mr. T. Ott, Senior Corporate Manager, Environment, Health and Safety, Motorola Labs., Tempe, Arizona United States.

The protection of workers against workrelated sickness, disease and injury forms part of the historical mandate of the ILO. Disease and injury do not go with the job nor can poverty justify disregard for workers safety and health. The ILOs primary goal is to promote opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity. We have summarized this as decent work. Decent work is safe work. And safe work is also a positive ctor for productivity and economic growth.

International Occupational Hygiene Association IOHA

a cover all members of theorganization, as appropriate;

a identify and eslish the respective functions and responsibilities of the various institutions called upon to implement the national policy, and make appropriate arrangements to ensure the necessary coordination between them;

… Such investigations should be carried out by competent persons, with the appropriate participation of workers and their representatives.

b cilitate and improve voluntary arrangements for the systematic identification, planning, implementation and improvement of OSH activities at national andorganizationlevels;

d promote cooperation and communication among members of the organization, including workers and their representatives, to implement the elements of theorganizationsOSH management system;

… According to the and nature of activity of theorganization, OSH management system documentation should be eslished and maintained, and may cover

… The audit results and audit conclusions should be communicated to those responsible for corrective action.

h ensure that the same level of safety and health requirements applies to contractors and their workers as to the workers, including temporary workers, employed directly by theorganization.

b become the basis for decisions regarding the implementation of the OSH management system; and

b consistent with the relevant and applicable national laws and regulations, and the technical and business obligations of theorganizationwith regard to OSH;

e fulfil the goals of continual improvement and best OSH practice.

… Arrangements and procedures should be eslished and maintained for

g evaluate and publicize the effectiveness of OSH management systems and practice by suile means; and

Safety and health in constructionGeneva, .

Safety and health in forestry workGeneva, nd edition, .

TheGuidelineswere prepared on the basis of a broadbased approach involving the ILO and its tripartite constituents and other stakeholders. They have also been shaped by internationally agreed occupational safety and health principles as defined in relevant international labour standards. Consequently, they provide a unique and powerful instrument for the development of a sustainable safety culture within enterprises and beyond. Workers, organizations, safety and health systems and the environment all stand to benefit.

b the allocated key OSH management roles and responsibilities for the implementation of the OSH management system;

d consider the current state of knowledge, including information or reports fromorganizations, such as labour inspectorates, occupational safety and health services, and other services as appropriate.

e compliance with applicable national laws and regulations, collective agreements and other commitments on OSH to which theorganizationsubscribes.

c focused towards continually improving workers OSH protection to achieve the best OSH performance;

The practical recommendations of these guidelines are intended for use by all those who have responsibility for occupational safety and health management. They are not legally binding and are not intended to replace national laws, regulations or accepted standards. Their application does not require certification.

b eslish effective ongoing communication and coordination between appropriate levels of theorganizationand the contractor prior to commencing work. This should include provisions for communicating hazards and the measures to prevent and control them;

. A national framework for occupational safety and health management systems.. National policy

International Confederation of Free Trade Unions ICFTU

a be used to eslish a national framework for OSH management systems, preferably supported by national laws and regulations;

b the systematic inspection of work systems, premises, plant and equipment;

… The necessary OSH competence requirements should be defined by the employer, and arrangements eslished and maintained to ensure that all persons are competent to carry out the safety and health aspects of their duties and responsibilities.

a as the minimum, compliance with national laws and regulations;

OrganizationA company, operation, firm, undertaking, eslishment, enterprise, institution or association, or part of it, whether incorporated or not, public or private, that has its own functions and administration. Fororganizationswith more than one operating unit, a single operating unit may be defined as anorganization.

d provide relevant information and training to all members of theorganization, at all levels, including regular exercises in emergency prevention, preparedness and response procedures.

b the elements of theorganizationsOSH management system; and

a trade union representatives, namely, representatives designated or elected by trade unions or by members of such unions; or

a the OSH policy and objectives of theorganization;

AuditA systematic, independent and documented process for obtaining evidence and evaluating it objectively to determine the extent to which defined criteria are fulfilled. This does not necessarily mean an independent external audit an auditor or auditors from outside theorganization.

.. At national level, the guidelines should

These guidelines on OSH management systems have been developed by the International Labour Organization ILO according to internationally agreed principles defined by the ILOs tripartite constituents. This tripartite approach provides the strength, flexibility and appropriate basis for the development of a sustainable safety culture in theorganization. The ILO has therefore developed voluntary guidelines on OSH management systems which reflect ILO values and instruments relevant to the protection of workers safety and health.

International governmental and nongovernmental organizations represented

… Theorganizationisting OSH management system and relevant arrangements should be evaluated by an initial review, as appropriate. In the case where no OSH management system exists, or if theorganizationis newly eslished, the initial review should serve as a basis for eslishing an OSH management system.

b the preparation of a plan for achieving each objective, with defined responsibility and clear performance criteria indicating what is to be done by whom and when;

… The OSH planning arrangements of theorganizationshould cover the development and implementation of all the OSH management system elements, as described in Chapter of these guidelines and illustrated in figure .

c ensuring that workers and their representatives are consulted and encouraged to participate actively in all elements of the OSH management system; and

Safety in the use of chemicals at workGeneva, .

f ensure that onsite OSH procedures and arrangements are followed by the contractors.

… Reactive monitoring should include the identification, reporting and investigation of

Mr. L.A. Mazhar, Executive Director, Federation of Egyptian Industries FEI, Cairo Egypt.

d the provision of adequate resources, including human and financial resources and technical support, as appropriate.

… Audits should be conducted by competent persons internal or external to theorganizationwho are independent of the activity being audited.

Mr. S. Machida, Chemical Safety Engineer, Occupational Safety Cluster, SafeWork InFocus Programme on Safety and Health at Work and the Environment.

Reactive monitoringChecks that ilures in the hazard and risk prevention and protection control measures, and the OSH management system, as demonstrated by the occurrence of injuries, ill health, diseases and incidents, are identified and acted upon.

… The investigation of the origin and underlying causes of workrelated injuries, ill health, diseases and incidents should identify any ilures in the OSH management system and should be documented.

ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and its Followup, adopted by the International Labour Conference at its th Session, .Geneva, .

… There should be consistency between the ILO guidelines, the national guidelines and the tailored guidelines, with sufficient flexibility to permit direct application or tailored application at theorganizationlevel.

b publish and periodically review national guidelines on the voluntary application and systematic implementation of OSH management systems inorganizations;

a the results of workrelated injuries, ill health, diseases and incident investigations; performance monitoring and measurement; and audit activities; and

… Performance monitoring and measurement should

… A person or persons at the senior management level should be appointed, where appropriate, with responsibility, accounility and authority for

a promote the implementation and integration of OSH management systems as part of the overall management of anorganization;

c deficient safety and health performance, and OSH management system ilures; and

f eslish and implement a clear OSH policy and measurable objectives;

e made available to relevant external interested parties, as appropriate.

h eslish prevention and health promotion programmes;

… The selection of performance indicators should be according to the and nature of activity of theorganizationand the OSH objectives.

International Social Security Association ISSA

Dr. D. Bennett, National Director, Health, Safety and Environment, Canadian Labour Congress, Ottawa, Ontario Canada.

d identify what action is necessary to remedy any deficiencies in a timely manner, including adaptations of other aspects of theorganizationsmanagement structure and performance measurement;

Surveillance of the working environmentA generic term which includes the identification and evaluation of environmental ctors that may affect workers health. It covers assessments of sanitary and occupational hygiene conditions, ctors in the organization of work which may pose risks to the health of workers, collective and personal protective equipment, exposure of workers to hazardous agents, and control systems designed to eliminate and reduce them. From the standpoint of workers health, the surveillance of the working environment may focus on, but not be limited to, ergonomics, accident and disease prevention, occupational hygiene in the workplace, work organization, and psychosocial ctors in the workplace.

a protecting the safety and health of all members of theorganizationby preventing workrelated injuries, ill health, diseases and incidents;

a are effective in meeting theorganizationsOSH policy and objectives;

Developed and maintained by CPWR The Center for Construction Research and Training

Figure . Elements of the national framework for OSH management systems

c eslish criteria, as appropriate, for the designation and respective duties of the institutions responsible for the preparation and promotion of tailored guidelines on OSH management systems; and

e fulfil the principles of OSH management systems contained in relevant national guidelines, tailored guidelines or voluntary programmes, as appropriate, to which theorganizationsubscribes;

Professor Alain Cantineau, Representative Ms. J. Fanchette, Representative

n investigation of workrelated injuries, ill health, diseases and incidents, and their impact on safety and health performance;

…. The impact on OSH of internal changes such as those in staffing or due to new processes, working procedures, organizational structures or acquisitions and of external changes for example, as a result of amendments of national laws and regulations, organizational mergers, and developments in OSH knowledge and technology should be evaluated and appropriate preventive steps taken prior to the introduction of changes.

Mr. Z. Bagdy, Deputy Director of Federal State

…. A workplace hazard identification and risk assessment should be carried out before any modification or introduction of new work methods, materials, processes or machinery. Such assessment should be done in consultation with and involving workers and their representatives, and the safety and health committee, where appropriate.

EmployerAny physical or legal person that employs one or more workers.

Mr. S. Tanaka, General Manager, Safety and Health Administration Section, Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Yokohama City Japan.

Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents,

Technical and ethical guidelines for workers health surveillance, Occupational Safety and Health Series, No. . Geneva, .

a ensure that the necessary information, internal communication and coordination are provided to protect all people in the event of an emergency at the worksite;

… The employer and senior management should allocate responsibility, accounility and authority for the development, implementation and performance of the OSH management system and the achievement of the relevant OSH objectives. Structures and processes should be eslished which

a specific to theorganizationand appropriate to its and the nature of its activities;

d surveillance of workers health, where appropriate, through suile medical monitoring or followup of workers for early detection of signs and symptoms of harm to health in order to determine the effectiveness of prevention and control measures; and

… The initial review should be carried out by competent persons, in consultation with workers and/or their representatives, as appropriate. It should

.. These guidelines should contribute to the protection of workers from hazards and to the elimination of workrelated injuries, ill health, diseases, incidents and deaths.

c evaluate the need for changes to the OSH management system, including OSH policy and objectives;

b national laws and regulations and theorganizationsown OSH requirements are identified prior to the procurement of goods and services; and

…. Hazard prevention and control procedures or arrangements should be eslished and should

Figure . Main elements of the OSH management system

… OSH records should be eslished, managed and maintained locally and according to the needs of theorganization. They should be identifiable and traceable, and their retention times should be specified.

b include both active and reactive monitoring, and not be based only upon work related injury, ill health, disease and incident statistics; and

…. Emergency prevention, preparedness and response arrangements should be eslished and maintained. These arrangements should identify the potential for accidents and emergency situations, and address the prevention of OSH risks associated with them. The arrangements should be made according to the and nature of activity of theorganization. They should

a specific to theorganization, and appropriate to and according to its and nature of activity;

Active monitoringThe ongoing activities which check that hazard and risk preventive and protective measures, as well as the arrangements to implement the OSH management system, conform to defined criteria.

These International Labor Organization Guidelines on effective management systems for worker protection were produced with broad stakeholder involvement. The guidelines were shaped by internationally agreed occupational safety and health principles so they provide a valuable instrument for the development of a sustainable safety culture.

… The links between the national framework for OSH management systems OSHMS and its essential elements are illustrated in figure .

i the results of health protection and promotion programmes.

c comply with national laws and regulations, and reflect good practice; and

Ambient ctors in the workplaceGeneva, .

b concise, clearly written, dated and made effective by the signature or endorsement of the employer or the most senior accounle person in theorganization;

. The occupational safety and health management system in the organization

b support theorganizationsevaluation process, including the management review.

… Arrangements should be eslished and maintained for preventive and corrective action resulting from OSH management system performance monitoring and measurement, OSH management system audits and management reviews. These arrangements should include

TheInternational Labour Office is the Organizations secretariat, research body and publishing house. ThePublications Bureauproduces and distributes material on major social and economic trends. It publishes policy studies on issues affecting labour around the world, reference works, technical guides, researchbased books and monographs, codes of practice on safety and health prepared by experts, and training and workers education manuals. It also produces theInternational Labour Reviewin English, French and Spanish, which publishes the results of original research, perspectives on emerging issues, and book reviews.

… The employer should ensure that workers and their safety and health representatives are consulted, informed and trained on all aspects of OSH, including emergency arrangements, associated with their work.

d where residual hazards/risks cannot be controlled by collective measures, the employer should provide for appropriate personal protective equipment, including clothing, at no cost, and should implement measures to ensure its use and maintenance.

e promote collaborative and support arrangements for OSH management systems at theorganizationlevel by labour inspectorates, occupational safety and health services and other services, and channel their activities into a consistent framework for OSH management;

Since its foundation in , the ILO has elaborated and adopted a large number of international labour Conventions and accompanying Recommendations directly concerned with OSH issues, as well as many codes of practice and technical publications on various aspects of the subject. They represent a formidable body of definitions, principles, obligations, duties and rights, as well as technical guidance reflecting the consensual views of the ILOs tripartite constituents from its member Stateson most aspects of occupational safety and health.

b evaluate the OSH management systems ability to meet the overall needs of theorganizationand its stakeholders, including its workers and the regulatory authorities;

OSH competence includes education, work experience and training, or a combination of these.

Mr. M. Sasaki, Director, International Office, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welre, Tokyo Japan.

Dr. J. Serbitzer, Coordinator, Occupational Safety Cluster, SafeWork InFocus Programme on Safety and Health at Work and the Environment.

Working Environment Air Pollution, Noise and Vibration,

…. Procedures should be eslished and maintained to ensure that

.. System planning, development and implementation

Institution of Occupational Safety and Health OSH, United Kingdom

a identify the current applicable national laws and regulations, national guidelines, tailored guidelines, voluntary programmes and other requirements to which theorganizationsubscribes;

… Procedures to monitor, measure and record OSH performance on a regular basis should be developed, eslished and periodically reviewed. Responsibility, accounility and authority for monitoring at different levels in the management structure should be allocated.

… Tailored guidelines, reflecting the overall objectives of the ILO guidelines, should contain the generic elements of the national guidelines and should be designed to reflect the specific conditions and needs oforganizationsor groups oforganizations, taking into consideration particularly

b motivate all members of theorganization, particularly employers, owners, managerial staff, workers and their representatives, in applying appropriate OSH management principles and methods to continually improve OSH performance.

b control the hazard/risk at source, through the use of engineering controls or organizational measures;

… The national policy on OSH management systems should eslish general principles and procedures to

b be reviewed and modified if necessary on a regular basis;

You may purchase ILO publications and other resources securely online at or request a free catalogue by writing to the Publications Bureau, International Labour Office, CH Geneva , Switzerland; x ; email .

c provide effective supervision, as necessary, to ensure the protection of workers safety and health;

j provide appropriate resources to ensure that persons responsible for OSH, including the safety and health committee, can perform their functions properly; and

International Construction Institute ICI and International Commission on Occupational Safety and Health ICOSH

c provide effective and timely initial and refresher training at appropriate intervals;

HazardThe inherent potential to cause injury or damage to peoples health.

Ms. C. Ching, Director, Economic and Social Policy Department, International Confederation of Free Trade Unions ICFTU Asian and Pacific Regional Organization, Singapore Singapore.

Protection of workers personal dataGeneva, .

a be used as a means of determining the extent to which OSH policy and objectives are being implemented and risks are controlled;

i ensure effective arrangements for the full participation of workers and their representatives in the fulfilment of the OSH policy;

… The result of the initial review should

… The OSH policy should include, as a minimum, the following key principles and objectives to which theorganizationis committed

Mr. D.R. Carruthers, DG Employment and Social Afirs, European Commission

… When the evaluation of the OSH management system or other sources show that preventive and protective measures for hazards and risks are inadequate or likely to become inadequate, the measures should be addressed according to the recognized hierarchy of prevention and control measures, and completed and documented, as appropriate and in a timely manner.

d enable theorganizationto achieve compliance with relevant national laws and regulations; and

Employers and competent national institutions are accounle for and have a duty to organize measures designed to ensure occupational safety and health. The implementation of these ILOGuidelinesis one useful approach to fulfilling this responsibility.

… The employer should have overall responsibility for the protection of workers safety and health, and provide leadership for OSH activities in the organization.

c address firstaid and medical assistance, firefighting and evacuation of all people at the worksite; and

… National guidelines on the voluntary application and systematic implementation of OSH management systems should be elaborated based on the model provided in Chapter , taking into consideration national conditions and practice.

…. Hazards and risks to workers safety and health should be identified and assessed on an ongoing basis. Preventive and protective measures should be implemented in the following order of priority

b identify, anticipate and assess hazards and risks to safety and health arising from the existing or proposed work environment and work organization; and

c communicated and readily accessible to all persons at their place of work;

a receiving, documenting and responding appropriately to internal and external communications related to OSH;

Experts appointed after consultations with governments

a be adapted to the hazards and risks encountered by theorganization;

a workrelated injuries, ill health including monitoring of aggregate sickness absence records, diseases and incidents;

Dr. J. Takala, Director, SafeWork InFocus Programme on Safety and Health at Work and the Environment.

b provide information to, and communication with, the relevant competent authorities, and the neighbourhood and emergency response services;

… The safety and health processes and performance of theorganizationshould be compared with others in order to improve health and safety performance.

… Arrangements to conduct periodic audits are to be eslished in order to determine whether the OSH management system and its elements are in place, adequate, and effective in protecting the safety and health of workers and preventing incidents.

g evaluate the effectiveness of followup actions from earlier management reviews.

Mr. B. Erikson, Industrial Hygienist, Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions, Oslo Norway.

… The OSH management system should be compatible with or integrated in other management systems in theorganization.

Informing Regulatory Decisions Report to Congress on the Cost and Benefits of Federal Regulations and Unfunded Mandates on State, Local, and Tribal Entities

Management of alcohol and drugrelated issues in the workplaceGeneva, .

Dr. K.E. Poppendick, Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Dortmund Germany.

The employer is accounle for and has a duty to organize occupational safety and health. The implementation of an OSH management system is one useful approach to fulfilling this duty. The ILO has designed these guidelines as a practical tool for assistingorganizationsand competent institutions as a means of achieving continual improvement in OSH performance.

Prevention of major industrial accidentsGeneva, .

f evaluate progress towards theorganizationsOSH objectives and corrective action activities; and

International Commission on Occupational Health ICOH

The ILO is pleased to have led the exercise of drawing up theseGuidelines. I am confident that they will become an invaluable tool for employers and workers and their organizations, national institutions and all those who have a role in ensuring that workplaces are also safe and healthy places.

Dr. J. Asherson, Head of Environmental Afirs, Confederation of British Industry CBI, London United Kingdom.

Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents,

Electrical Safety Safety Health for Electrical Trades Student Manual

e be reviewed periodically. The review should include the safety and health committee, where it exists, and the training programmes, modified as necessary to ensure their relevance and effectiveness; and

a be based on theorganizationsidentified hazards and risks, the commitments in the OSH policy and the OSH objectives; and

a evaluate the overall strategy of the OSH management system to determine whether it meets planned performance objectives;

Dr. L.Greco, Member of the Technical Group on Occupational Safety and Health, National Confederation of Industry CNI, Rio de Janeiro Brazil.

… A competent institution or institutions should be nominated, as appropriate, to formulate, implement and periodically review a coherent national policy for the eslishment and promotion of OSH management systems inorganizations. This should be done in consultation with the most representative organizations of employers and workers, and with other bodies as appropriate.

.. Investigation of workrelated injuries, ill health, diseases and incidents, and their impact on safety and health performance

… Training should be provided to all participants at no cost and should take place during working hours, if possible.

…. Arrangements for contractors working on site should

… An audit policy and programme should be developed, which includes a designation of auditor competency, the audit scope, the frequency of audits, audit methodology and reporting.

a monitoring of the achievement of specific plans, eslished performance criteria and objectives;

ContractorA person or anorganizationproviding services to an employer at the employers worksite in accordance with agreed specifications, terms and conditions.

c surveillance of the working environment, including work organization;

Dr. D. Nelson, Occupational and Environmental Health Unit

b define and communicate to the members of theorganizationthe responsibility, accounility and authority of persons who identify, evaluate or control OSH hazards and risks;

In these guidelines, the following terms have the meanings hereby assigned to them

… The OSH management system documentation should be

… The competent institution should make arrangements and provide technically sound guidance to labour inspectorates, OSH services and other public or private services, agencies and institutions dealing with OSH, including healthcare providers, to encourage and helporganizationsto implement OSH management systems.

… Workers should have the right to access records relevant to their working environment and health, while respecting the need for confidentiality.

b complying with relevant OSH national laws and regulations, voluntary programmes, collective agreements on OSH and other requirements to which theorganizationsubscribes;

WorkerAny person who performs work, either regularly or temporarily, for an employer.

Over the years, the ILO has issued for adoption by member States a widely respected code of international labour Conventions and Recommendations on freedom of association, employment, social policy, conditions of work, social security, industrial relations and labour administration, among others.

Workers safety and health representativeWorkers representative elected or appointed in accordance with national laws, regulations and practice to represent workers interests in OSH issues at the workplace.

Dr. D. Podgrski, Deputy Director for Management Systems and Certification, Central Institute for Labour Protection, Warsaw Poland.

c include arrangements for reporting of workrelated injuries, ill health, diseases and incidents among the contractors workers while performing work for theorganization;

g system planning, development and implementation;

… The findings of the management review should be recorded and formally communicated to

… The employer should have, or should have access to, sufficient OSH competence to identify and eliminate or control workrelated hazards and risks, and to implement the OSH management system.

… Both qualitative and quantitative measures appropriate to the needs of theorganizationshould be considered. These should

Experts appointed after consultation with the Workers group

… The results of such investigations should be communicated to the safety and health committee, where it exists, and the committee should make appropriate recommendations.

b information to determine whether the daytoday arrangements for hazard and risk identification, prevention and control are in place and operating effectively; and

g changes in national laws and regulations, voluntary programmes and collective agreements;

Guidelines on occupational safety and health management systems ILOOSH

b records of workrelated injuries, ill health, diseases and incidents;

f the recommendations for improvement from all members of theorganization, including the safety and health committee, where it exists;

c arrangements are made to achieve conformance to the requirements prior to their use.

… Consultation on selection of the auditor and all stages of the workplace audit, including analysis of results, are subject to worker participation, as appropriate.

a the development, implementation, periodic review and evaluation of the OSH management system;

.. At the level of theorganization, the guidelines are intended to

American Industrial Hygiene Association AIHA

At the onset of the twentyfirst century, a heavy human and economic toll is still exacted by unsafe and unhealthy working conditions. TheGuidelinescall for coherent policies to protect workers from occupational hazards and risks while improving productivity. They present practical approaches and tools for assisting organizations, competent national institutions, employers, workers and other partners in eslishing, implementing and improving occupational safety and health management systems, with the aim of reducing workrelated injuries, ill health, diseases, incidents and deaths.

a clearly written and presented in a way that is understood by those who have to use it; and

e the results of both active and reactive monitoring.

Mr. N. Diallo, National Director of Employment and Labour Regulation, Ministry of Employment and the Public Service, Conakry Republic of Guinea.

b ensuring the internal communication of OSH information between relevant levels and functions of the organization; and

SafeWorkILO InFocus Programme on Safety and Health at Work and the Environment

a ensure that OSH is a linemanagement responsibility which is known and accepted at all levels;

Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency KOSHA

Mr. G.D. Cahalane, Manager, Strategic Policy, Occupational Safety and Health Service, Department of Labour, Wellington New Zealand.

… Emergency prevention, preparedness and response

… Consistent with the OSH policy and based on the initial or subsequent reviews, measurable OSH objectives should be eslished, which are

c provide guidance on the development of both national and tailored guidelines on OSH management systems to respond appropriately to the real needs oforganizations, according to their and the nature of their activities.

d arrangements, procedures, instructions or other internal documents used within the framework of the OSH management system.

f be documented, as appropriate and according to the and nature of activity of theorganization.

b additional internal and external inputs as well as changes, including organizational changes, that could affect the OSH management system.

b periodically reviewed, revised as necessary, communicated and readily accessible to all appropriate or affected members of theorganization.

TheGuidelinesmay be applied on two levels national and organizational. At the national level, they provide for the eslishment of a national framework for occupational safety and health OSH management systems, preferably supported by national laws and regulations. They also provide precise information on developing voluntary arrangements to strengthen compliance with regulations and standards, which, in turn, lead to continual improvement of OSH performance.

e regularly monitor OSH performance of contractor activities on site; and

Safety and health in opencast minesGeneva, .

Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA, US Department of Labor

Risk assessmentThe process of evaluating the risks to safety and health arising from hazards at work.

… The employer should ensure, as appropriate, the eslishment and efficient functioning of a safety and health committee and the recognition of workers safety and health representatives, in accordance with national laws and practice.

Dr. J.A. Legaspi Velasco, Director General, Secretariat of Labour and Social Protection, General Directorate of Occupational Safety and Health, Federal District Mexico.

b provide guidance for the development of voluntary arrangements to strengthen compliance with regulations and standards leading to continual improvement in OSH performance; and

Mr. R.L.M. Puiatti, Fiscal Auditor of Labour, Ministry of Labour and Employment, Regional Delegation of Labour and Employment, Porto Alegre Brazil.ILO Guihealth and safety organizationdelines for Health and Safety Management Systems